William Pitt the elder -1763.
Two hundred and fifty years later we still have people in NZ (politicians and the botanical puritans) who simply do not understand the importance of that statement on the rights of the common man or women to hold property against the Crown and all its forces.
The recent controversy over Significant Natural Areas (SNA) has erupted over the identification of unmodified Maori land in Northland. The use rights to vast areas of private land have been identified for political seizure and effectively removed from private control. Most reasonable people assumed that Maori land rights were finally recognized as belonging to, and the property of, various Iwi and individuals who wish little more than to exercise their rights to their land just as the rest of us do or thought we could do.
In the 1980s some properties on the Old Man Range in Otago had up to 50% of the farms identified for “protection”. (see destocked) It is therefore distressing to read of misleading accounts from Forest and Bird of a concept that was once a welcomed initiative amongst landowners who had preserved tussock, bush or forest remnants so well that the eco puritans considered these areas as “the best of what remains” but in desperate need of state control.
still embrace the conservation ethos only to find their efforts were never to
be troubled by a principled and ethical approach from captured officialdom and
beyond. The result was to cause significant stress and even the onset of cancer
(in some cases) to landowners who deeply resented their effort and foresight to
preserve remaining areas of natural vegetation were treated with such distain
by the SNA program. It has never been explained how absentee (de facto) landlords
such as the Government or councils can ensure better outcomes on the newly
identified SNAs by devaluing them to the point of becoming real liabilities to
the landowner. The eco puritans are of
course fully entitled to deceive themselves as to the benefits of state command
and control. They are not entitled to deceive the country. The reason why this
important issue flies below the radar screen of most is that no thief ever
advertises to warn their targets they intend to steal from them.
The botanical survey of private land was instigated in 1983.
A technical advisory group set out an administrative and operational structure
to administer what was to become known as the Protected Natural Area program.
(PNA) ( Kelly and Park). The chairman of
the National Parks and Reserves Authority wrote in a preface to the Kelly and
Park report “….It is of paramount importance that a scientifically sound, and
administratively efficient and socially acceptable PNA programme is in place, ready
to be implemented by agencies involved, especially Doc” unquote.
It was further stated that only through negotiation between the crown
and the landowner were ‘recommended areas for protection’ - RAPs to become
protected natural areas - PNAs. Quote - “access for surveys already undertaken
were given on the understanding that there would be negotiation, not compulsion
over the protection of areas identified” (Guidelines for DoC advocacy under the
That never happened. The good faith which was evident in the
beginnings of this conservation initiative was soon to be shredded. Farmers discovered
there was an ulterior motive for this discovery work. The RMA was on its way in
1991 requiring identification of flora on private property. DoC’s own paper to
itself contained guidelines on advocacy under the future RMA, had identified
the PNA program as a source of tension. It is therefore little wonder that the
SNA program has and still does meet with such vociferous condemnation as the
norms of social and legal requirement are cast aside by those who were
determined to add to the massive amount of conservation of land (well over 33%
of NZ land mass) already under some protective covenant or Government control.
The article by RNZ Leith Hufferdine (ODT 23 June) - simply
threw petrol onto this simmering fire of anguish by offering up the botanical
purist point of view as espoused by the Forest and Bird and the Environmental
Defence Society and other environmental advocates. Such spokespeople appear to define other people’s
property as communal in ownership but singular in liability. Rather strangely no environmental
organizations or advocates appear to have ever purchased or offered up into
state control any land that they personally or collectively owned for
conservation. Nor curiously enough was it mentioned in the ODT article that
private landowners line up to protect environmental values in a QE11 trust
covenant to the extent that that trust can barely cope with their requests.
State control of the environment and its fragile successes can
reasonably be compared to the failures of so much of state control from the RMA
to mental health (Lake Alice) to a housing crisis to literacy rates.
Why is it that all great works of NZ art are not owned and
“protected” by the State as they are also treasured by society? It is not that long ago that crowd funding
purchased a private beach front for the benefit of the public, yet that example
is never followed in the botanical world.
Some years ago, in a political life in Wellington, a
colleague informed me he had received an email that an “extinct” bird still
existed on an area of their private property. The owner was worried about the
property being sanitized by Government officials. The Minister of Conservation (Sandra
Lee) would give no assurance that would not happen so the bird remains officially
extinct. I told this story sometime later at a meeting as an example of how not
to save the species. A person later
identified themselves as the anonymous landowner, so the story is totally true.
Sometime the people need to protect our county from our
Gerry Eckhoff is a former councillor on the Otago Regional Council and MP.